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OPRG Technical Reports and Publications

Report Reference

2017

  • Blacker, S. D., Myers, S. D., Nevola, V. R., Rayson, M., Walker, E. F,. Coakley, S. L., Gallagher, C. A., Lee, B. J., Datson, N., Doherty, J., Flood, T.R., Vine, C. A. J., Hale, B., Cordell, N. J., Knapik, J., Gebhardt, D. L., Nindl, B.,., McDevitt, C., and Monkhouse, J. (2017) Interim Technical Report - TIN 3.179: Development and Validation of Role-Related Gender-Free Physical Employment Standards for Ground Close Combat Roles, in the British Ministry of Defence – Phase 2. Defence Human Capability Science and Technology Centre; July 2017.
  • Myers, S.D.  Rayson, M.P. Reed, P.R. Nevola, V.R.; Blacker, S.D (2017) TIN 3.223 Women in Ground Close Combat (WGCC) All Arms Physical Employment Standards (PES) Phase 1 – Final Technical Report. Defence Human Capability Science and Technology Centre; January 2017.

 

2016

  • Rayson, M. P., Blacker, S. D., Walker, E., Thompson, J., Gallagher, C., Doherty, J., and Myers, S. D. (2016) Development of Physical Competence Standards (PCS) for National Ambulance Resilience Unit (NARU) Special Operations: Phase 2 – Physical Demands Analysis. Mark Rayson Consulting & University of Chichester; 14 December 2016.
  • Blacker, S. D., Myers, S. D., Coakley, S., Walker, E., and Hale, B. (2016) TIN 3.179: Development of Interim Infantry British Army Physical Selection Standards for (Recruits) (PSS(R)) for Men and Women. Defence Human Capability Science and Technology Centre; 2016 01 July 2016.  Contract No.: OS-DHCSTC_I398403_PT_T3_179/006.
  • Rayson, M. P., and Blacker, S. D. (2016) National Ambulance Resilience Unit (NARU) Physical Competency Standards (PCS): Phase 1.  Outcome of 2-day Focus Group to Identify Physically Demanding Tasks in the HART, MTFA and CBRN roles 26-27 January 2016. Presentation to Ops Group; 13 April 2016.
  • Rayson, M. P., Kingsnorth, A., Blacker, S. D., Esliger, D. W., Light, N., Cordell, N. J., Richmond, V. L., Knapik, J. J., Walker, E., Coakley, S., Dobbins, T. D., and Myers, S. D. (2016) TIN 3.200 Measurement of Leisure and Occupational Physical Activity Exposure - Phase 1. Defence Human Capability Science and Technology Centre; 31 March 2016. 
  • Blacker, S. D., Myers, S. D., Nevola, V. R., Rayson, M., Walker, E., Coakley, S., Hale, B., Cordell, N. J., Knapik, J., Gebhardt, D. L., Billings, A., McDevitt, C., and Monkhouse, J. (2016) Interim Technical Report - TIN 3.179: Development and Validation of Role-Related Gender-Free Physical Employment Standards for Ground Close Combat Roles, in the British Ministry of Defence – Phase 1. Defence Human Capability Science and Technology Centre; 2016 18 March 2016.

2015

  • Blacker, S. D., West, A. T., and Wilkinson, D. M. (2015) Developing an Aerobic Fitness Standard for Arqiva Climbers. University of Chichester; 4 November 2015. Report No.: UoC/15/02.
  • Wilkinson D.M., Blacker, S.D., Myers, S., Knapik J.J. (2014). Fitness for Complex Terrains; A Review of the Army Annual Fitness Test. Defence Human Capability Science & Technology Centre Report, 01 May 2015.

2014

  • Wilkinson D.M., Blacker, S.D., Rayson, M.P., Graveling, R., Crawford J., Knapik J.J. (2014). Health and Safety Analysis, Performance Measurement and Action Planning. Royal National Lifeboat Institution. v1 01 December 2014
  • Wilkinson, D. M., Willems, M. E., Myers, S., Blacker, S. D., Greenlees, I., & Hale, B. (2014). Physical and Cognitive Performance Following Long Chain Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Defence Human Capability Science & Technology Centre Report, 01 February 2014.

Abstract Reference

2018

  • Needham-Beck, S.C., Blacker, S.D., Jackson, S., Greeves, J.P., Myers, S.D. (2018). A Preliminary Job Task Analysis of the Physical Demands of Non-Ground Close Combat Roles in The British Army. Presented at the 3rd International Conference on Physical Employment Standards, July 2018, Portsmouth, UK.
  • Walker, E.F., Rayson, M.P., Rue, C.A., Siddall, A., Thompson, J., Flood, T.R., Doherty, J., Myers, S.D., Blacker, S.D. (2018). Ongoing Development of a Physical Competency Standard for The National Ambulance Resilience Unit. Presented at the 3rd International Conference on Physical Employment Standards, July 2018, Portsmouth, UK.
  • Lee, B.J., Rue, C.A., Walker, E.F., Coakley, S.L., Doherty, J., Flood T.R., Vine, C.A.J., Rayson, M.P., Knapik, J.J., Gebhardt, D., Nindl, B., Brown P.E.H., Jackson, S., Greeves, J.P., Myers, S.D., and Blacker, S.D. (2018). Repeatability of A Fire and Movement Representative Military Task for The UK Armed Forces Ground Close Combat Physical Employment Standards. Presented at the 3rd International Conference on Physical Employment Standards, July 2018, Portsmouth, UK
  • Coakley, S.L., Twaites, J., Siddall, A.G., Walker, E.F., Lee, B.J., Rue, C.A., Vine, C.A.J., Doherty, J., Flood, T.R., Needham-Beck, S.C., Edwards, V.C., Powell, S.D., Jackson, S., Greeves, J.P, Langford, J., Hillsdon, M., Blacker, S.D., Myers., S.D. (2018). Investigation of The Use of Machine Learning Algorithms to Identify Military Load Carriage Activity. Presented at the 3rd International Conference on Physical Employment Standards, July 2018, Portsmouth, UK
  • Edwards, V.C., Siddall, A.G., Needham-Beck, S.C., Powell, S.D., Jackson, S., Greeves, J.P., Wardle, S.L., Myers, S.D., and Blacker, S.D. (2018). Timing of Nutritional Intake Around Physical Activity During Military Training. Presented at the 3rd International Conference on Physical Employment Standards, July 2018, Portsmouth, UK
  • Powell, S.D., Siddall, A.G., Thompson, J.E.S., Needham-Beck, S.C., Edwards, V.C., Jackson, S., Greeves, J.P., Blacker, S.D., Myers., S.D. (2018). Gender Differences in Cardiovascular Strain During British Army Officer Cadet Training. Presented at the 3rd International Conference on Physical Employment Standards, July 2018, Portsmouth, UK
  • Peacock, D.C.C., Rue, C.A., Coakley, S.L., Walker, E.F., Vine, C.A.J., Lee, B.J., Doherty, J., Flood T.R., Rayson, M.P., Knapik, J.J., Gebhardt, D., Nindl, B., Brown P.E.H., Jackson, S., Greeves, J.P., Myers, S.D., and Blacker, S.D. (2018). Exertional Forces Required to Stand-Up Following a Fall On Military Crosscountry Skis. Presented at the 3rd International Conference on Physical Employment Standards, July 2018, Portsmouth, UK.
  • Siddall, A., Walker, E.F., Flood T.R., Rayson, M.P., Myers, S.D., Blacker, S.D. (2018). Evaluation of A Simulation Test for Predicting Criterion Performance in A Marauding Terrorist Firearms Incident. Presented at the 3rd International Conference on Physical Employment Standards, July 2018, Portsmouth, UK.
  • Rue, C.A., Myers, S.D., Walker, E.F., Coakley, S.L., Lee, B.J., Vine, C.A.J., Doherty, J., Flood T.R., Rayson, M.P., Knapik, J.J., Gebhardt, D., Nindl, B., Brown P.E.H., Jackson, S., Greeves, J.P., and Blacker, S.D. (2018). The Development of a Repeated Lift and Carry (RL&C) Representative Military Task (RMT) for the UK Armed Forces Ground Close Combat (GCC) Physical Employment Standards. Presented at the 3rd International Conference on Physical Employment Standards, July 2018, Portsmouth, UK.
  • Vine, C.A.J., Rue, C.A., Walker, E.F., Coakley, S.L., Lee, B.J., Doherty, J., Flood T.R., Rayson, M.P., Knapik, J.J., Gebhardt, D., Nindl, B., Brown P.E.H., Jackson, S., Greeves, J.P., Myers, S.D., and Blacker, S.D. (2018). Development of a Swimming Representative Military Task for the Royal Marine Commandos’ Physical Employment Standards. Presented at the 3rd International Conference on Physical Employment Standards, July 2018, Portsmouth, UK.
  • Doherty, J., Blacker, S.D., Walker, E.F., Coakley, S.L., Lee, B.J., Vine, C.A.J., Rue, C.A., Flood T.R., Rayson, M.P., Knapik, J.J., Gebhardt, D., Nindl, B., Brown P.E.H., Jackson, S., Greeves, J.P., and Myers, S.D. (2018). The Development of a Vehicle Casualty Extraction Representative Military Task for the British Army Ground Close Combat Physical Employment Standards. Presented at the 3rd International Conference on Physical Employment Standards, July 2018, Portsmouth, UK.
  • Flood, T., Thompson, J.E.S., Blacker, S.D., and Myers, S.D. (2018). Validity and Reliability of Heart Rate Measured from Four Wrist Worn Activity Monitors. Presented at the 23rd Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, Dublin, Ireland.
  • Blacker, S. D., Rayson, M. P., Walker, E., Rue, C., Thompson, J. E., Doherty, J., & Myers, S. D. (2018). An Analysis of the Physical Demands of National Ambulance Resilience Unit (NARU) Roles: 2980 Board# 263 June 1 3. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise50(5S), 740. Presented at the 65th Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2018, Minneapolis, USA
  • Edwards, V. C., Myers, S. D., Siddall, A. G., Thompson, J. E., Powell, S. D., Jackson, S., ... & Blacker, S. D. (2018). Timing of Energy and Macronutrient Intake of British Army Officer Cadets during Military Training: 2623 Board# 5 June 1 3. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise50(5S), 639. Presented at the 65th Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2018, Minneapolis, USA
  • Needham-Beck, S. C., Siddall, A. G., Thompson, J. E., Powell, S. D., Edwards, V. C., Blacker, S. D., ... & Myers, S. D. (2018). Comparison of Training Intensity, Energy Balance, and Sleep Duration in British Army Officer Cadets between Base and Field Exercise: 2622 Board# 4 June 1 3. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise50(5S), 639. Presented at the 65th Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2018, Minneapolis, USA
  • Powell, S. D., Siddall, A. G., Thompson, J. E., Edwards, V. C., Jackson, S., Greeves, J. P., ... & Myers, S. D. (2018). Comparison of Daily Energy Expenditure and Weekly Physical Activity Exposure Estimated Using Consumer and Research-grade Physical Activity Monitors During Officer Cadet Initial Military Training: 2625 Board# 7 June 1 3. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise50(5S), 640. Presented at the 65th Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2018, Minneapolis, USA
  • Siddall, A. G., Thompson, J. E., Powell, S. D., Edwards, V. C., Kefyalew, S. S., Singh, P. A., ... & Blacker, S. D. (2018). Comparison of Research-and Consumer-grade Energy Expenditure Estimation Methods during 10 Days of Military Training: 2624 Board# 6 June 1 3. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise50(5S), 640. Presented at the 65th Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2018, Minneapolis, USA
  • Vine, C. A., Coakley, S. L., Myers, S. D., Walker, E. F., Rue, C. A., Lee, B. J., ... & Knapik, J. J. (2018). Comparison of Pandolf Equation and Measured Metabolic Cost of Load Carriage in UK Military Personnel: 2620 Board# 2 June 1 3. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise50(5S), 638. Presented at the 65th Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2018, Minneapolis, USA
  • Lee, B. J., Doherty, J., Hiles, A. M., Carney, D., & O’connell, M. C. (2018). Accuracy, Precision and Comfort of a Microdialysis Device for Continuous Real-time Blood Lactate Monitoring: 3308 Board# 177 June 2 9. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise50(5S), 820. Presented at the 65th Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2018, Minneapolis, USA
  • Willems, M. E., Berendsen, T., Sahin, M. A., Myers, S. D., Blacker, S. D., & Cook, M. D. (2018). Effect of New Zealand Blackcurrant Extract on Substrate Oxidation and Cycling Performance in Normobaric Hypoxia: 2912 Board# 195 June 1 3. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise50(5S), 720. Presented at the 65th Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2018, Minneapolis, USA

2017

  • Blacker S.D. A review of the literature on the effect of load carriage on exercise induced muscle damage and potential links to musculoskeletal injury risk mitigation. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 20, S4. Presented at the International Conference on Soldier Physical Performance (ICSPP). Melbourne, Australia. December 2017.
  • Blacker S.D. Physical employment standards developed for the Armed Forces–A summary of the international status. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 20, S8. Presented at the International Conference on Soldier Physical Performance (ICSPP). Melbourne, Australia. December 2017.
  • Coakley S.L., Myers S.D., Walker E., Hale B., Knapik J.J., Jackson S., Greeves J.P. and Blacker S.D. (2017) Poster: The Application of a Mathematical Model to Estimate the Aerobic Capacity Required to Complete an 8-mile Loaded March from an Individual’s Body Mass. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 20, S66. Presented at the International Conference on Soldier Physical Performance (ICSPP). Melbourne, Australia. December 2017.
  • Doherty J., Blacker S.D., Walker E.F., Coakley S.L., Lee B.J., Vine C.A.J., Rue C.A., Flood T.R., Rayson M.P., Knapik J.J., Gebhardt D., Nindl B., Brown P.E.H., Jackson S., Greeves J.P. and Myers S.D. (2017) A Job Task Analysis of a Parachuting Training Exercise Conducted by the British Army Parachute Regiment. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 20, S66 Presented at the International Conference on Soldier Physical Performance (ICSPP). Melbourne, Australia. December 2017.
  • Flood T.R., Myers S.D., Walker E., Coakley S.L., Rue C.A., Lee B.L., Vine C.A.J., Doherty J., Rayson M.P., Knapik J.J., Gebhardt D., Nindl B.C., Brown P.E.H., Jackson S., Greeves J.P. and Blacker S.D. (2017) A Job Task Analysis of Casualty Drag Tasks Performed by the Ground Close Combat Roles in the UK Armed Forces. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 20, S155. Presented at the International Conference on Soldier Physical Performance (ICSPP). Melbourne, Australia. December 2017.
  • Lee B., Myers S.D., Walker E., Coakley S.L., Rue C.A., Flood T.R., Doherty J., Vine C.A.J., Rayson M.P., Knapik J.J., Gebhardt D., Nindl B.C., Brown P.E.H., Jackson S., Greeves J.P. and Blacker S.D. (2017) A Job Task Analysis of Digging Tasks Conducted by the Ground Close Combat (GCC) Roles in the UK Armed Forces. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 20, S66. Presented at the International Conference on Soldier Physical Performance (ICSPP). Melbourne, Australia. December 2017.
  • Rue C.A., Myers S.D., Walker E.F., Coakley S.L., Lee B.L., Vine C.A.J., Doherty J., Flood T.R., Rayson M.P., Knapik J.J., Gebhardt D., Nindl B.C., Brown P.E.H., Jackson S., Greeves J.P. and Blacker S.D. (2017) A Job Task Analysis of Casualty Evacuation by Stretcher Tasks Performed by the Ground Close Combat Roles in the UK Armed Forces. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 20, S64. Presented at the International Conference on Soldier Physical Performance (ICSPP). Melbourne, Australia. December 2017.
  • Vine C.A.J., Myers S.D., Walker E., Coakley S.L., Rue C.A., Flood T.R., Doherty J., Rayson M.P., Knapik J.J., Gebhardt D., Nindl B.C., Brown P.E.H., Jackson S., Greeves J.P. and Blacker S.D. (2017). A Job Task Analysis to Quantify the Physical Demands of Load Carriage Tasks Conducted by the Ground Close Combat (GCC) Roles in the UK Armed Forces. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 20, S64-65. Presented at the International Conference on Soldier Physical Performance (ICSPP). Melbourne, Australia. December 2017.
  • Walker E., Doherty J., Vine C.A.J., Coakley S.L., Rue C.A., Lee B.J., Flood T.R., Blacker S.D., Rayson M.P., Knapik J.J., Gebhardt D., Nindl B.C., Brown P.E.H., Jackson S., Greeves J.P. and Myers S.D. (2017). Physical Demands of a Boarding Operations Training Exercise Conducted by the Royal Marines. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 20, S114. Presented at the International Conference on Soldier Physical Performance (ICSPP). Melbourne, Australia. December 2017.
  • Siddall A., Thompson J.E.S, Powell S.D., Edwards V.E., Blacker S.D., Jackson S., Greeves J.P., Myers S.D (2017) Estimation of military training demand from a wrist-worn activity monitor and the potential impact of activity level on improvement of aerobic fitness. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 25, S114. Presented at the International Conference on Soldier Physical Performance (ICSPP). Melbourne, Australia. December 2017.
  • Blacker, S. D., Coakley, S. L., Walker, E., Hale, B., Jackson, S., Greeves, J. P., ... & Myers, S. D. (2017). Gender Differences In British Army Infantry Representative Military Task Performance: 377 Board# 198 May 31 9. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise49(5S), 95. Presented at the 64th Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2017, Denver, USA
  • Gallagher, C. A., Rayson, M. P., Walker, E., Thompson, J. E., Doherty, J., Myers, S. D., & Blacker, S. D. (2017, May). The Physiological Responses of Specialist-role Paramedics Treating Casualties in a Simulated Firearms Incident. In Medicine and Science in Sports And Exercise (Vol. 49, No. 5, pp. 106-106). Presented at the 64th Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2017, Denver, USA.
  • Doherty, J., Rayson, M. P., Walker, E. F., Thompson, J. E., Gallagher, C. A., Myers, S. D., & Blacker, S. D. (2017). The Physiological Response of Specialist-role Paramedics Undertaking a Casualty Decontamination Scenario: 405 Board# 226 May 31 9. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise49(5S), 106. Presented at the 64th Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2017, Denver, USA.
  • Thompson, J. E., Rayson, M., Walker, E. F., Gallagher, C. A., Doherty, J., Myers, S. D., & Blacker, S. D. (2017). The Physiological Responses of Specialist-role Paramedics Undertaking a Simulation Treating Casualties Exposed to Hazardous Materials: 403 Board# 224 May 31 9. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise49(5S), 105-106. Presented at the 64th Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2017, Denver, USA.
  • Coakley, S.L., Myers, S.D., Walker, E., Nevola, V.R., Hale, B., Jackson, S., Greeves J.P., Roberts, R., and Blacker, S.D. (2017). A statistical model to predict 12.8 km Loaded March performance to an Infantry standard for male and female British Army Personnel. Presented at the 64th Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2017, Denver, USA.
  • Walker, E. F., Blacker, S. D., Rayson, M. P., Coakley, S. L., Knapik, J. J., Gebhardt, J. J., ... & Myers, S. D. (2017). Identification and Verification of Critical Physically Demanding Tasks Undertaken by Royal Marines: 374 Board# 195 May 31 9. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise49(5S), 94. Presented at the 64th Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2017, Denver, USA.
  • Flood, T., Waldron, M., and Jeffries, O. (2017) Effect of L (-) Menthol on exercise at a Fixed-RPE in the heat. Presented at the 64th Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2017, Denver, USA.
  • Willems, M. E., Doherty, J., & Blacker, S. D. (2017). No Adverse Effects of Matcha Green Tea Powder on Metabolic and Physiological Responses during Running: 3261 Board# 166 June 2 2. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise49(5S), 929. Presented at the 64th Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2017, Denver, USA.

2016

  • Myers, S.D. McGuire, S.J. Blacker, S.D. Wilkinson, D.M. (2016). Simulated Military Dismounted Assault Task: Metabolic demands and Relationship to Field Expedient Physical Tests. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 48(5S):482-483. Presented at the 63rd Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2016, Boston, USA.
  • Blacker, S.D., West, A.T., Cordell, N., Wilkinson, D. M. (2016) Development of an Aerobic Fitness Standard for Telecommunication Mast Climbers. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 48(5S):482-483. Presented at the 63rd Annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, June 2016, Boston, USA.
  • Gallagher, C.A., Ashdown, K., Lucas, S., Ladha, C., Wright, A., Edsell, M., Malein, W., Thomas, O., Bradwell, A., Myers, S. (2016). Losartan does not affect exercise performance at altitude (5000 m). Presented at the Birmingham Medical Research Expeditionary Society Conference, November 2016, Birmingham, UK.

2015

  • Blacker S.D. and Sampson, A. (2015) Montmorency tart cherry extract supplementation with no pre-exercise loading phase has no effect on recovery of muscle function or soreness following downhill running. Journal of Sports Sciences, 33(S1), S32. Presented at the British Association of Sports and Exercise Sciences Conference December 2015, Burton-Upon-Trent, UK.
  • Willems, M.E.T., Cousins L, Williams D, Blacker, S.D., (2015) Beneficial effect of New Zealand blackcurrant on maximal sprint speeds during the Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test. Presented at the International Society of Sports and Exercise Nutrition Conference, December 2015, Newcastle, UK.
  • Perkins I, Vine S, Blacker S. D., Willems M. (2015) New Zealand blackcurrant extract improves high-intensity intermittent running performance. Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 25, S7, 2015.Presented at the International Society of Sports and Exercise Nutrition Conference, December 2015, Newcastle, UK.
  • Blacker S.D., Myers S.D., West A.T., Wilkinson D.M. (2015) A Comparison of Performance on Incremental Shuttle Running Tests with and Without Carrying a 15 kg Load and their Relationships with Load Carriage Performance. Presented at the Second International Conference on Physical Employment Standards, August 2015, Canmore, Alberta, Canada.

2014

  • Blacker S.D., Dunne A, Shiu J, Wilkinson D. M. (2014) A Comparison of Participant and Researcher led Data Entry of Food Diaries for Dietary Analysis. Presented at the International Society of Sports and Exercise Nutrition Conference, December 2014, Newcastle, UK.
  • Perkins, I.C., Vine, S.A., Blacker, S.D., Willems, M.E.T. (2014) New Zealand Blackcurrant Extract Improves High-intensity Intermittent Running. A Comparison of Participant and Researcher led Data Entry of Food Diaries for Dietary Analysis. Presented at the International Society of Sports and Exercise Nutrition Conference, December 2014, Newcastle, UK.
  • Cook, M.D., Myers, S.D., Blacker, S.D., Willems, M.E.T. (2014) Effect of New Zealand blackcurrant extract on cycling performance across quartile distances and the final km of a 16.1 km time-trial. Presented at the International Society of Sports and Exercise Nutrition Conference, December 2014, Newcastle, UK.
  • Willems M.E.T., Myers S.D., Blacker S.D. Cook, M.D. (2014) CurraNZ blackcurrant improves cycling performance and recovery in trained endurance athletes. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 11 (Suppl 1), P14). Presented at the Annual International Society of Sports Nutrition Conference and Expo, June 2014, Clearwater Beach, FL, USA.

2012

  • Rayson M.P., Wilkinson D.M., Blacker S.D., Richmond V.L., Horner F.E. (2012). Optimizing the Selection and Training of Military Personnel: The U.K. Military experience. Presented at the Third International Committee of Military Medicine (ICMM) pan-Arab Regional Working Group (RWG) Congress on Military Medicine 2012, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
  • Rayson M.P., Wilkinson D.M., Blacker S.D., Richmond V.L., Horner F.E. (2012). Prevention of Heat Illness. Presented at the Third International Committee of Military Medicine (ICMM) pan-Arab Regional Working Group (RWG) Congress on Military Medicine 2012, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
  • Blacker S.D., Richmond V.L., Wilkinson D.M., Carter J.M. and Rayson M.P. (2012). Development of gender-free role-related physical tests for the British military and United Kingdom emergency services.  In: Taylor, N.A.S., and Billing, D.C. (Editors). Physiological and physical employment standards I. Proceedings of the First Australian Conference on Physiological and Physical Employment Standards. November 2012. Canberra, Australia. ISBN: 978-1-74128-220-7 Pp. 75.
  • Blacker S.D., Wilkinson D.M. and Rayson M.P. (2012). Developing, implementing and refining physical selection standards for the British Army. In: Taylor, N.A.S., and Billing, D.C. (Editors). Physiological and physical employment standards I. Proceedings of the First Australian Conference on Physiological and Physical Employment Standards. November 2012. Canberra, Australia. ISBN: 978-1-74128-220-7 Pp. 96.
  • Blacker S.D., Wilkinson D.M. and Rayson M.P.(2012) Development of a gender-free role-related physical strength test for British Army applicants.  In: Taylor, N.A.S., and Billing, D.C. (Editors). Physiological and physical employment standards I. Proceedings of the First Australian Conference on Physiological and Physical Employment Standards. November 2012. Canberra, Australia. ISBN: 978-1-74128-220-7 Pp. 98.
  • Blacker S.D., Horner F.E., Wilkinson D.M., Linnane D.M., Brown PI, Rayson M.P. (2012). Improving estimation of energy expenditure with accelerometers during military training using a field-based calibration procedure. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 44(5), S174. Presented at the American College of Sports Medicine Conference, June 2012, San Francisco, USA.

Paper Reference

  • 2018

  • Lomax, M., Mayger, B., Saynor, Z., Vine, C., & Massey, H. (2018). Practical considerations for assessing pulmonary gas exchange and ventilation during flume swimming using the MetaSwim metabolic cartJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research.
  • Siddall, A. G., Stevenson, R. D., Turner, P. J., & Bilzon, J. L. (2018). Physical and Physiological Performance Determinants of a Firefighting Simulation TestJournal of occupational and environmental medicine60(7), 637-643.
  • Flood, T. R. (2018). Menthol Use for Performance in Hot Environments. Current sports medicine reports, 17(4), 135-139.
  • Bradwell, A.R., Ashdown, K., Rue, C., Delamere, J., Thomas, O.D., Lucas, S.J.E., Wright, A.D.,, Harris, S.J., Myers, S.D. (2018). Acetazolamide reduces exercise capacity following a 5-day ascent to 4559 m in a randomized study. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 4(1), e000302.

2017

  • Flood, T. R., Waldron, M., & Jeffries, O. (2017). Oral L-menthol reduces thermal sensation, increases work-rate and extends time to exhaustion, in the heat at a fixed rating of perceived exertion, European Journal of Applied Physiology, 117(7), 1501-1512.
  • Willems, M.E.T., Dos Santos Silva, J., Cook, M.D. Blacker, S.D. (2017) Beneficial effects on fasting insulin and postprandial responses through 7-day intake of New Zealand blackcurrant powder. Functional Foods in Health & Disease, 7(7)
  • Cook, MD. Myers, SD. Gault, ML. Edwards, VC. Willems, MET. (in-press). Dose effects of New Zealand blackcurrant on substrate oxidation and physiological responses during prolonged cycling. Under review European Journal of Applied Physiology. 17(6):1207-1216.
  • Martin, NRW. Aguilar-Agon. K. Robinson, GP. Player, DJ. Turner, MC. Myers, SD. Lewis, MP. (2017). Hypoxia impairs muscle function and myotube size in tissue engineered skeletal muscle. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, 18(9):2599-2605
  • Cook, MD. Myers, SD. Gault, ML. Edwards, VC. Willems, MET. (2017). Cardiovascular Function during Supine Rest in Endurance Trained Males with New Zealand Blackcurrant: A Dose-Response StudyEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology, 117: 2, 274-254. 

2016

  • Blacker, S.D., Rayson, M.P. Wilkinson, D.M., Carter, J.C., Nevill, A. Richmond, V.L. (2016) Development of Physical Selection and Criterion Performance Tests for UK Fire and Rescue Service Personnel. Occupational Medicine66(1): 38-45. Journal Impact Factor 2015: 1.128; Web of Science citations: 2; GS citations: 4; Altmetric score: 9
  • Gavin, JP. Myers, SD. Willems, MET. (in-press). Cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses after exercise-induced muscle damage: the influence of lowered glycogen. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, In-press.
  • Gavin, JP. Myers, SD. Willems, MET. (2016). Effect of eccentric exercise with reduced muscle glycogen on plasma interleukin-6 and neuromuscular responses of m. quadriceps femorisJournal of Applied Physiology, 1;121(1):173-184.
  • Gavin, JP. Myers, SD. Willems, MET. (2015). The accumulative effect of concentric-biased and eccentric-biased exercise on cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses to subsequent low-intensity exercise: a preliminary study. Journal of Human Kinetics, 49: 131-140.
  • Cook, MD. Myers, SD. Blacker, S. Willems, MET. (2015). New Zealand Blackcurrant Extract Improves Cycling Performance and Fat Oxidation in Cyclists. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 115: 11, 2357-2365.
  • Carden, P. Izard, R. Greeves, JP. Lake, J. Myers, SD. (2015). Force and acceleration characteristics of British Army foot drill: Implications for injury risk. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 0:e000025. DOI:10.1136/bmjsem-2015-000025
  • Willems, MET. Myers, SD. Gault ML. Cook, MD. (2015). Beneficial physiological effects with blackcurrant intake in endurance athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism, 25: 367-374.
  • Willems, M.E.T., Cousins, L., Williams, D. Blacker, S.D. (2016) Beneficial Effects of New Zealand Blackcurrant Extract on Maximal Sprint Speed during the Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test. Sports, 4 (3).
  • Cook, M. Myers, SD. Kelly, J. Willems MTE. (2015). Effect of level and downhill running on breathing efficiency. Sports, 3(1): 12-20.
  • Gavin, J. Myers, SD. Willems M. (2015). Neuromuscular responses to mild-muscle damaging exercise in a low or normal glycogen state. Journal of Electrical Myography & Kinesiology, 25: 53-60.
  • Cook, M. Myers, SD. Kelly, J. Willems M. (2015). Acute post-exercise effects of concentric and eccentric exercise on glucose clearance. International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism, 25(1): 14-19.
  • Gallagher, CG. Willems, MTE, Lewis, MP, Myers SD. (2015). The application of maximal heart rate predictive equations in hypoxic conditions. European Journal of Applied Physiology: Volume 115(2): 277-284.
  • Gavin, JP. Myers, SD. Willems, MET. (2015). The effect of glycogen reduction on cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses during downhill running. European Journal of Applied Physiology 115(5), 1125-1133. 
  • Faghy, M., Blacker, S.D., Brown, P.I. (2016) Effects of load mass carried in a backpack upon respiratory muscle fatigue. European Journal of Sport Science, 16 (8). pp. 1032-1038. 

2015

  • Perkins, I.C., Vine, S.A., Blacker, S.D., Willems, M.E.T (2015). New Zealand Blackcurrant Extract Improves High-intensity Intermittent Running. International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism, 25(5): 487-93.
  • Cook, M.D., Myers, S.D., Blacker, S.D., Willems, M.E.T. New Zealand Blackcurrant Extract Improves Cycling Performance and Fat Oxidation in CyclistsEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology, 115(11): 2357-65. 

2014

  • Edsell, ME. Wimalasena, YH. Malein, WL. Ashdown, KM. Gallagher, C. Imray, CH. Wright AD. Myers, SD. for the Birmingham Medical Research Expeditionary Society (2014). Intermittent strenuous exercise increases pulmonary interstitial fluid at altitude, but not simulated altitude. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine. 25(4): 409-415.
  • Gallagher, CG. Willems, MTE, Lewis, MP, Myers SD. (2014). Effect of acute normobaric hypoxia on the ventilatory threshold. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114(8): 1555-1562.
  • Bradwell, AR. Myers, SD. Beazley, M. Ashdown, K. Harris, NG. Bradwell, SB. Goodhart, J. Imray, CHE. Wimalasena, Y. Edsell, M. Wright, AD. Harris, SJ. and the Birmingham Medical Research Expeditionary Society (2014). Adverse effect of acetazolamide on exercise at altitude (3,459m). Wilderness & Environmental Medicine. 35: 272-277. 
  • Blacker, S.D., Wilkinson, D.M., Rayson, M.P., Richmond, V.L., (2014). The gender-neutral timed obstacle course: a valid test of police fitness? (Letter to the Editor). Occupational Medicine (London) 64: 391.
  • Wilkinson, D.M., Blacker, S.D., Richmond, V.L., Rayson, M.P., Bilzon, J.L. (2014). Relationship between the 2.4-km run and multistage shuttle run test performance in military personnel. Military Medicine, 179(2): 203-207. 

2013

  • Blacker S.D., Fallowfield .J.L. Bilzon J.L.J. Willems M.E. (2013) Neuromuscular impairment following backpack load carriage. Journal of Human Kinetics, 5 (37), 91-8.
  • Richmond, V. L., Wilkinson, D. M., Blacker, S. D., Horner, F. E., Carter, J., Havenith, G. (2013). Insulated skin temperature as a measure of core body temperature for individuals wearing CBRN protective clothing. Physiological Measurement, 34(11), 1531-1543.
  • Blacker S.D., Fallowfield J.L., Willems M.E. (2013). Intra- and interday reliability of voluntary and electrically stimulated isometric contractions of the quadriceps femoris. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 23(4): 886-91.
  • Horner F.E., Bilzon J.L., Rayson M.P., Blacker S.D., Richmond V.L., Carter J.M., Wright A., Nevill A. (2012). Development of an accelerometer-based multivariate model to predict free-living energy expenditure in a large military cohort. Journal of Sports Sciences. 31(4): 354-60.
  • Blacker S.D., Carter J.M., Wilkinson D.M., Richmond V.L., Rayson M.P., Peattie M. (2013). Physiological responses of Police Officers during job simulations wearing chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear personal protective equipment. Ergonomics. 56(1): 137-47.
  • Gavin, J. Willems M. Myers, SD. (2013). Reproducibility of speed lactate markers during 4 and 8 min stage incremental running: a pilot study Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 17(6): 635-639.
  • Gavin, J. Myers, SD. Willems M. (2013). Physiological responses at various lactate markers for running at 4 and 8 minute treadmill increments Sport Scientific and Practical AspectsInternational Scientific Journal of Kinesiology, 10: 1, 5-14.  

2012

  • Carter J.M., Loney T., Blacker S.D., Nicholson G.F. and Wilkinson D.M. (2012) Hydration status of Arabic adolescents and young men: measurement, evaluation, and a school-based initiative to improve drinking behaviour. International Journal of Sports Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism. 22(4): 257-66.
  • Fallowfield J. L., Blacker S.D., Willems M.E., Davey T., Layden J. (2012) Neuromuscular and cardiovascular responses of Royal Marine recruits to load carriage in the field. Applied Ergonomics. 43(6): 1131-7.
  • Myers, S. Dobbins, T. King, S. Hall, B. Holmes, SR. Gunston, T. & Dyson, R. (2012). Effectiveness of suspension seats in maintaining performance following military high-speed boat transits. Human Factors, 54(2): 264-276. 

2011

  • Blacker S.D., Horner FL, Brown PI, Linnane D.M., Wilkinson D.M., Wright A, Bluck LJ, Rayson M.P. (2011). Health, Fitness and Responses to Military Training of Officer Cadets in a Gulf Cooperation Council Country. Military Medicine. 176(12): 1376-1381.
  • Wilkinson D.M., Blacker S.D., Richmond V.L., Horner F.E., Rayson M.P., Spiess A., Knapik J. J. (2011). Injuries and injury risk factors among British Army infantry soldiers. Injury Prevention. 17(6): 381-7.
  • Blacker S.D., Williams N.C., Fallowfield .J.L., Willems M.E. (2011). The effect of a carbohydrate beverage on the physiological responses during prolonged load carriage. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 111(8): 1901-8.
  • Rhodes, HL. Chesterman, K. Chan, CW. Collins, P, Kewley, E. KTS Pattinson, KTS. Myers, S. Imray, CHE. Wright, AD. & the Birmingham Medical Research Expeditionary Society (2011). Systemic blood pressure, arterial stiffness and pulse waveform analysis at altitude. Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps, 157: 110-113. DOI: 10.1136/jramc-157-01-18.
  • Myers, S. Dobbins, T. King, S. Hall, B. Ayling, R. Holmes S.R., Gunston, T. & Dyson, R. (2011) Physiological consequences of military high-speed boat transits. European Journal of Applied Physiology 11(9): 2041-2049. DOI: 10.1007/s00421-010-1765-3. 

2010

  • Brown P.I., McLellan T.M., Linnane D.M., Wilkinson D.M., Richmond V.L. Horner F.E., Blacker S.D., Rayson M.P. (2010). Influence of hydration volume and ambient temperature on physiological responses while wearing CBRN protective clothing. Ergonomics. 53(12): 1484-1499.
  • Hopker, J. Myers, S. Jobson, SA. Bruce, W. & Passfield, L. (2010). Validity and reliability of the WattBike cycle ergometer. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 31: 731-736.
  • Blacker S.D., Fallowfield J.L., Bilzon J.L.J., Willems M.E. (2010). Neuromuscular function following prolonged load carriage on level and downhill gradients. Aviation Space Environmental Medicine. 81(8): 745-753.
  • Blacker S.D., Williams N.C., Fallowfield .J.L., Bilzon .J.L.J., Willems M.E. (2010). Carbohydrate vs protein supplementation for recovery of neuromuscular function following prolonged load carriage. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 12(7:2).
  • Blacker S.D., Fallowfield J.L., Bilzon J.L.J., Willems M.E. (2010). Within-day and between-days reproducibility of isokinetic parameters of knee, trunk and shoulder movements. Isokinetics and Exercise Science. 18: 45-55. 

2009

  • Blacker S.D., Fallowfield J.L., Bilzon J.L.J., Willems M.E. (2009). Physiological responses to load carriage during level and downhill treadmill walking. Medicina Sportiva. 13(2): 108-124.
  • Blacker S.D., Wilkinson D.M., Rayson M.P. (2009). Gender differences in the physical demands of British Army recruit trainingMilitary Medicine. 174(8): 811-816.2008
  • Richmond V.L., Rayson M.P., Wilkinson D.M., Carter J.M., Blacker S.D. (2008). Physical demands of firefighter search and rescue in ambient environmental conditions. Ergonomics. 51(7): 1023-1031.
  • Richmond V.L., Rayson M.P., Wilkinson D.M., Carter J.M., Blacker S.D., Nevill A., Ross J.D., Moore S. (2008). Development of an operational fitness test for the Royal Air Force. Ergonomics. 51(6): 935-946.
  • Blacker S.D., Wilkinson D.M., Bilzon J.L.J., Rayson M.P. (2008) Risk factors for training injuries among British Army recruits. Military Medicine. 173(3): 278-286.
  • Wilkinson D.M., Carter J.M., Richmond V.L., Blacker S.D., Rayson M.P. (2008). The effect of cool water ingestion on gastrointestinal pill temperature. Medicine and Science in Sports Exercise. 40(3): 523-528.
  • Carter J.M., Wilkinson D.M., Blacker S.D., Rayson M.P., Bilzon J.L.J, Izard R.M., Coward A, Wright A., Nevill A., Rennie K., McCaffrey T. and Livingston B. (2008). An investigation of a novel three dimensional accelerometer to predict free-living energy expenditure. Journal of Sports Sciences. 26(6): 553-561.
  • McMorris, T, Myers, S. Dobbins, T. Hall, B. Dyson, R. (2009). Seating type and cognitive performance after 3 hours travel by high-speed boat in sea states 2-3. Aviation Space Environmental Medicine. 80(1): 24-28. 

2008

  • Imray, CHE. Pattinson, KT. Myers, S. Chan, CW. Hoar, H. Brearey, S. Collins, P. &. Wright, AD. (2008). Intrapulmonary and intracardiac shunting with exercise at altitude. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine. 19(3): 199-204.
  • Myers, SD. Biccard, BM. Chan, C. Imray, CH. Wright, AD. Pattinson, KT. (2008). Delayed acclimatization of the ventilatory threshold in healthy trekkers. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine; 1(2):124-128. 

2007

  • Richmond V., Wilkinson D., Carter J., Blacker S., Rayson M. (2007) Validity of the 3dNX (TM) triaxial accelerometer for predicting oxygen uptake. Contemporary Ergonomics, 531-536.
  • Carter J.M., Rayson M.P., Wilkinson D.M., Richmond V., Blacker S.  (2007) Strategies to combat heat strain during and after firefighting, Journal of Thermal Biology. 32(2): 109-116. 

2005

  • Imray, CH. Myers, SD. Pattinson, KTS. Bradwell, AR. Chan, CW. Harris, S. Collins, P. & Wright, AD. (2005). Effect of exercise on cerebral perfusion in humans at high altitude. Journal of Applied Physiology. 99: 699-706.
  • Passfield, L. Dobbins, T. Myers, SD. Reily, M. & Williams, EM. (2005). Acute cardio-respiratory changes induced by hyperpnoea using a respiratory muscle trainer. Ergonomics 48: 1423-1432.

2004

  • Pattinson, K., Myers, SD. & Gardner-Thorpe, K. (2004). Problems with capnography at high altitude. Anaesthesia 59: 69-72.

2003

  • Bygrave, S. Legg, SJ. Myers, SD. & Llewellyn, MGA. (2003). Effect of backpack fit on lung function. Ergonomics 47: 324-329.

1999

  • Wilkinson, DM. Fallowfield, JL. & Myers, SD. (1999). A Modified incremental shuttle run test for the determination of peak shuttle running speed and the prediction of maximal oxygen uptake. Journal of Sports Sciences 17: 413-419.
  • McMorris T. Myers, SD. MacGillivary, WW. Sexsmith, JR. Fallowfield, JL. & Graydon, J. (1999). Exercise, plasma catecholamine concentrations and decision-making performance of soccer players on a sport-specific test. Journal of Sports Sciences 17: 667-676.