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Dr Ian Tyndall

Senior Lecturer in Psychology (Cognitive & Behavioural Psychology)

I.Tyndall@chi.ac.uk | (01243) 816421

Ian is a cognitive psychologist and behaviour-analyst. His research interests have mainly centred on examining cognitive verbal processes that may underlie the development and maintenance of clinical anxiety disorders, from a behaviour-analytic perspective, along with examining core processes of the Acceptance and Commitment Therapy model of behaviour change.

My current research interests generally focus on the following:

  • selective attention, cued attention and attention bias
  • symbolic behaviour and human language and basic behavoural processes (e.g., stimulus equivalence), which may underpin them; 
  • psychological flexibility as a coping mechanism in ostracism and social exclusion;
  • the use of cognitive defusion strategies within Acceptance and Commitment Therapy,
  • the interaction of experiential avoidance and confusion within the psychological flexibility model;
  • the use of mouse-tracker to examine cognitive learning and decision-making;
  • derived relational responding applied to enhancing cognitive performance and educational attainment across educational settings

He is currently serving on the Editorial Board of The Psychological Record, and reviews articles for Behavioural Brain Science; Brain & Behaviour; Learning & Behaviour, the European Journal of Behaviour Analysis, and the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behaviour.

Further reading/information

My research collaborators include amongst others: Dr. Bryan Roche (National University of Ireland, Maynooth), Dr. Paolo Riva (University of Milano-Biccoca, Italy), Dr. Robert Whelan (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland); Dr. Denis O’Hora (National University of Ireland, Galway), Dr. Richard May (University of South Wales, UK), Dr. Marc Bennett (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland), Dr. David Dawson (University of Lincoln), Dr. Eric Wesselmann (Illinois State University), and Dr. Daniel Waldeck (University of Chichester).

PhD students supervised to completion at Chichester: Daniel Waldeck, awarded PhD in October 2016 (research on psychological flexibility & resilience to effects of chronic ostracism experiences)

Current PhD supervision: Shane McLoughlin (Relational framing skills and cognitive enhancement both in intelligence and educational attainment).

Ian Tyndall graduated from National University of Ireland, Galway with a first class honours BA in psychology, and subsequently completed a PhD degree at NUI, Galway in 2009 having been awarded a University fellowship. From 2004 to 2010, he worked as Lecturer in Psychology in the Department of Psychology at American College Dublin (Ireland).

From 2010 to present he has been a Senior Lecturer in Psychology at the University of Chichester where he is the module leader for four modules for the undergraduate BSc degree: Cognitive Psychology, Perspectives in Psychology, Project Management & Presentation Skills, Professional Skills in Psychology, and one for the MSci degree: Advanced Professional Skills in Psychology.

He is also the Examinations Officer; Employability/Student Opportunities Officer; and Study Abroad/International Exchange Officer for the Department.

Publications

Cummins, J., Roche, B., Tyndall, I., & Cartwright, A. (2018). The relationship between differential stimulus relatedness and implicit measure effect sizes. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behaviour. doi.10.1002/jeab.437

Tyndall, I., Waldeck, D., Riva, P., Wesselmann, E. D., & Pancani, L. (2018). Psychological flexibility and ostracism: Experiential avoidance rather than cognitive fusion moderates distress from perceived ostracism over time. Journal of Contextual Behavioural Science 7, 72-80 (in press).

Tyndall, I., Ragless, L., & O'Hora, D. (2018). Effects of perceptual load and socially meaningful stimuli on crossmodal selective attention in Autism Spectrum Disorder and neurotypical samples. Consciousness and Cognition, 60, 25-36. doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.02.006

Waldeck, D., Tyndall, I., Riva, P., & Chmiel, N. (2017). How do we cope with ostracism? Psychological flexibility moderates the relationship  between everyday ostracism experiences and psychological distress. Journal of Contextual Behavioural Science, 6, 425-432. doi.org/10.1016.j.jcbs.2017.09.001

Tyndall, I., Papworth, R., Roche, B., & Bennett, M. (2017). Differential Effects of word-repetition rate on cognitive defusion of believability and discomfort of negative self-referential thoughts postintervention and at one-month follow-up. The Psychological Record. DOI: 10.1007/s40732-017-0227-2

Tyndall, I., Howe, B. E., & Roche, B. T. (2016). Exposure to progressive muscle relaxation leads to enhanced performance on derived relational responding tasks. The Psychological Record, 66, 213-222.

Waldeck, D., Tyndall, I. T., & Chmiel, N. (2015). Resilience to ostracism: A qualitative inquiry. The Qualitative Report, 20 (10), 1646-1670.

O’Hora, D., Tyndall., I. T., McMorrow, M., Dale, R. A. C. (2013). Using action dynamics to assess competing stimulus control during stimulus equivalence testing. Learning and Behaviour, 41, 256-270. DOI 10.3758/s13420-013-0102-1

Roche, B., O’Reilly, A., Ruiz, M., Tyndall, I., & Gavin, A. (2012). The Function acquisition speed test (FAST): A behavior-analytic implicit test for assessing stimulus relations. The Psychological Record, 62, 507-528.

Tyndall, I. T., Roche, B., & James, J. E. (2009). The interfering effect of emotional stimulus functions on stimulus equivalence class formation: Implications for the understanding and treatment of anxiety. European Journal of Behaviour Analysis, 10, 121-140.

Tyndall, I. T., Roche, B., & James, J. E. (2004). The relationship between stimulus functions and equivalence class formation. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behaviour, 81, 257-266.

 

Sample of Conference Presentations

April 2017: Tyndall, I. T., Curtis, A., Roche, B., & Cummins, J. 'Using the Function Acquisition Speed test to Asses Attitudes towards Condom Use: A comparison of scoring methods'. Experimental Analysis of Behaviour Group, UK, Conference, London (UCL)

November 2016: Tyndall, I. T., Waldeck, D, W., Whelan, R., & Roche, B. 'The Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II) as a measure of experiential avoidance: Concerns over discriminant validity'. Association for Contextual Behavioural Science, 3rd UK & Ireland Conference, Edinburgh.

November 2016: Tyndall, I. T., Papworth, R., Roche, B., & Bennett, M. 'The Impact of Word Repetition Rate on Cognitive Defusion Efficacy'. Association for Contextual Behavioural Science, 3rd UK & Ireland Conference, Edinburgh,

April 2015: Tyndall, I. T., Howe, B., & Roche, B. ‘Exposure to progressive muscle relaxation leads to enhanced performance on derived relational responding tasks’. Experimental Analysis of Behaviour Group, UK, Conference, London (UCL)

April 2015: Tyndall, I. T., Roche, B., Baxter, S., & Waldeck, D. ‘A comparison of two Cognitive Defusion techniques with or without brief rationale on believability, discomfort, and willingness of depressive thoughts: A preliminary study’. Experimental Analysis of Behaviour Group, UK, Conference, London (UCL)

December 2014: Tyndall, I. T., Roche, B., Baxter, S., & Waldeck, D. ‘A comparison of two Cognitive Defusion techniques with or without brief rationale on believability, discomfort, and willingness of depressive thoughts: A preliminary study’. Association for Contextual Behavioural Science, 2nd UK & Ireland Conference, Dublin, Ireland.

December 2014: Waldeck, D., Tyndall, I. T., & Chmiel, N.  ‘When ostracism does not lead to distress: The moderating effects of Experiential Avoidance’. Association for Contextual Behavioural Science, 2nd UK & Ireland Conference, Dublin, Ireland.

May 2012: Tyndall, I. T., O’Hora, D., McMorrow, M, & Dale, R. ‘Using action dynamics to assess competing stimulus control during stimulus equivalence testing’. Association of Behaviour Analysis International (ABAI) 38th Annual Convention ,Seattle, US

May 2012: O’Reilly, A., Roche, B., & Tyndall, I. T. ‘Using the Function Acquisition Speed Test (FAST) to assess implicit sexual stimulus relations’. Association of Behaviour Analysis International

May 2009: Tyndall, I. T., & O’Hora, D. ‘Phonological and Orthographic Interference Effects on Stimulus Equivalence Class Formation’. Association of Behaviour Analysis International (ABAI) 35th Annual Convention, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

May 2009: Tyndall, I. T., Roche, B., & James, J. ‘Functional Classes of Anxiety-Provoking Stimuli Interfere with Arbitrary Equivalence Class Formation: A Process-Based Account’. Association of Behaviour Analysis International (ABAI) 35th Annual Convention, Phoenix, Arizona.

April 2009: Tyndall, I. T., Roche, B., & James, J. ‘A Process-Based Account of the Interference of Functional Classes of Anxiety-Provoking Stimuli on Arbitrary Stimulus Equivalence Class Formation’. Experimental Analysis of Behaviour Group (EABG UK) Conference, London.

May 2008: O’Hora, D., & Tyndall, I. T. ‘The Effect of Phonological and Orthographic Interference on Stimulus Equivalence Relations’. Association for Psychological Science (APS), 20th Annual Convention, Chicago, USA.

Research

Ian was employed by the Department of Health Promotion at NUI, Galway in 2000 to carry out research into the effects of television alcohol advertisements on adolescent perceptions of drinking, and their resultant drinking patterns.

The report was published by the Health Promotion Unit of the Irish Government’s Department of Health and Children in November 2001.

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